Introduction                                                                           back to top
The first site of its type narrating the history of a phase continuing to be lived in Lebanon, the country of culture, civilization, and history, Mleeta is a terrestrial and sub-terrestrial museum aimed at closely identifying the unique experience of the Islamic resistance in Lebanon against the Israeli enemy from the beginning of the occupation of Lebanon’s capitol, Beirut, in 1982.
60 000 m2 of parks and bushy lands, 4500 m2 of built spaces overseen by over 50 architects and engineers and 40 specialists and 90 suppliers all formed an active workgroup from all over Lebanon, continuously overseeing all aspects of the project around the clock for over 2 years.
The site was named Mleeta after the mountain it is situated on, where resistance fighters were stationed throughout the years of the Israeli occupation till the year 2000 when most parts of Lebanon were liberated. Mleeta was one of the first lines of defense in a wide area including Nabatiyeh, Jizzeen, Iqlim al-Tuffah, and was a base for launching various jihadi operations inside the occupied security zone.
Sections                                                                                       back to top
1. Parking: with space for 200 vehicles and 20 busses.

2. Site Entrance: consists of the ticket booth and the main gate through which visitors pass on foot towards the concrete arc which sums the architectural theme of the site.

3. Mleeta Souvenirs / Gift Shop: a corner selling gifts and special souvenirs.

4. Prayer Corner/Place: space for 250 people to pray; it has separate entrances for ladies and men and individual ablution areas.

5. Administrative Building: consists of administrative offices and a guests’ salon.

6. The Square: Main square serving as a gathering point for visitors with access to site divisions.

7. Hall Room: a multipurpose hall mainly used to show films about the resistance and for various activities and seminars.

8. The Exhibition: some 350m2 exhibiting war booties and Israeli military equipment won over by the resistance since the beginning of its conflict with the enemy; also contains description about the structure of the Israeli army and its various military divisions as well as confessions of Israeli leaders describing conquer and defeat in Lebanon.

9. The Abyss: an assembled scenic landscape stretching over 3500m2 and symbolizing the Zionist entity’s defeat. It was composed utilizing a number of vehicles, armored vehicles, weapons of the enemy’s army and the Lahd collaborating army won over by the resistance as of 1982 till the July 2006 war. Centering the Abyss is a Mirkava-4 Tank, the pride of the Israeli military industry, half-buried in the ground with its cannon fastened signifying defeat, and the break-down of the sophisticated Israeli military machinery, faced with the resistance willpower and steadfast faith.

10. The Path: a rugged bushy area where thousands of mujahidin were posted during the years of occupation, using it as a base to launch hundreds of various jihadi operations against facing enemy outposts in and out of the occupied security zone. The Path illustrates scenes of various resistance attack situations on a descending 250 meter long path.

11. The Cave: a point that the resistance built inside Mleeta to secure the mujahidin from facing Israeli enemy outposts. An excess of a thousand resistance fighters took shifts over a period of 3 years, digging and fortifying the 200 meter deep cave with several rooms and various equipment, allowing more than 7000 resistance fighters to take shelter inside, using the cave as a launching point for hundreds of jihadi operations against the enemy throughout the years of occupation.

12. Liberation Field: an open space for gathering and resting surrounded by a number of the resistance weapons. The place includes a wall in the form of a mihrab (prayer niche), centered by a glass panel and engraved with excerpts of the speeches of the Secretary General of Hizbullah Sayyed Hassan Nasrallah, which were addressed to the public during the July 2006 war.

13. The Well: a new area created at the summit of Mleeta in order to represent martyrdom and martyrs while overlooking several former Israeli enemy outposts and a vast part of the lands that were liberated in 2000.

14. The Well: resistance fighters used the water of this well for many years despite the fact that its water would murk for several months each year because its source was the accumulation of torrential waters.

15. Cafeteria: accommodates 750 guests in its closed hall and open terrace that overlooks, in addition to Mleeta, a high mountainous terrain where the occupation’s outposts existed, and the like of Sujud Mountain, Abd Rkaab Mountain and Safi Mountain which was also resistance bedrock.
Map                                                                                              back to top


1.       Cafeteria

2.       Parking

3.       Entrance

4.       Gift Shop

5.       Praying Place

6.       Administration

7.       The Square

8.       Hall Room

9.       The Exhibition

10.   The Abyss

11.   The Pathway

12.   The Outlook

13.   The Line of Fire

14.   Freedom Field

15.   The Hill

16.   The Well



Landmark Emblem                                                                            back to top

The concept of the emblem of Mleeta-Tourist Landmark of the resistance focuses on the kind of relationship and bond between the land and the heavens. This relationship has been expressed in a lettered, spontaneous, confident, strong and vivid graphical way.
The Arabic word “Mleeta مليتا” is central in the emblem between its two lower dots (symbolizing the land), and its two upper dots (symbolizing the heavens). The predatory sparrow hawk, colored in red, was chosen for the emblem. This bird is obstinate, confident and restless. It does not accept defeat or withdrawal. Its flesh is bitter and inedible just like the fruit of the oak tree. The features of the lines are clearly visible in the calligraphy of the graphic artist “Masoud Nejabati” Using Arabic and Latin letters, the lines are descended in order to ascend, expressing mountains and sublimity coupled with earthen colors (green and brown), mirroring the colors of life and earth, and corroborating the fact that Mleeta is a narrative place where the land speaks to the heavens.


Architectural Concept                                                          back to top

The architectural concept in Mleeta belongs to an advanced school of building structure. It holds a challenge regarding the structure of its oblique walls and sloped ceilings, which mimics the spirit of challenge that the resistance stores, drawing a new and unique reality. The architectural concept of the buildings in Mleeta was based on mimicking the experience of the resistance fighters in relation to their methods, which they adopted in building their concrete barricades and entrenchments coupled with their ways of camouflage and military cover. This issue made the landmark more attached to the experience it is mimicking and more spontaneous in resemblance. Therefore, the shapes of the buildings with their openings and earthly colors became congruent with their surrounding rocks, soil and trees. Hence, the edifice in that place became part of the land’s rocks, inflexible with its size, motivated by its wavy lines, and proudly rising like the mountain and its rocks in Mleeta. They are building structures with oblique walls and ceilings through which the sunlight breaks through to produce shadows that are mixed with glassy green color like the trees, surrounded by bronzy colors, similar to tree trunks.
The design and engineering of the building structures in Mleeta are based on:
- The square that stands for the relentless plane.
- The equilateral that stands for balance, constancy and support.
- The four sides that symbolize sunrise and sunset as well as the trip from north to south.
- The edifice of the beginning, shelter and resting
Mleeta also tells the story of the square and the four sides, where we can find the sunrise (rise) of the resistance fighters and the sunset (fall) of the occupiers. It is a trip of the land’s children of the entire homeland, north to south. It is a continual movement that constantly searches for the warmth of life, pride and dignity. It is a story of firmness and adherence to the land and equality in freedom. It is the story of shelter and residence in an underground primitive structure. From beneath the land the story begins. There are tunnels and rooms that embrace the resistance fighters, with topographic land above, stubborn and mighty with bushy trees. It resembles the rock, compacted like the shield. It is a cold wind that blows a whistling promise, forcing fear into the hearts of the usurpers. It is the spirits of the martyrs, fragranced, white in color, and moving sprightly along with the fog of the valleys with each sunset and sunrise.
The main assembly field is squared with a size of 1500 m2, centered by a pool of water with circling stairs along which runs the water that fountains from above, symbolizing the generosity of the land towards its children and vise versa. To the right, there is a square with an olive tree in the center, which has been rising with pride, like its owners, striking root in the land since hundreds of years.
At the axis of the pool and field, a straight line penetrates from the west, where there is a large hall in the ground, which was named the abyss. It expresses sunset (absence) and fall of the occupying invaders. It was built on a ground of almost 3000 m2, with models, scattered all over it, of the enemy’s destroyed vehicles, artillery and bombs. It was composed in the form of a combined panoramic scene, fortified by broken and oblique walls of concrete, bearing a spiral walk that takes the visitor from the field, through a scenic walk from above the abyss, to the entrance of the path, a place where the Mujahidoon used to garrison.
On the other side towards the east, there is a set of stairs, made of the land rock, that leads to top, penetrating two masses of concrete, which form a couple of terraces that overlook Mleeta from above, in a beautiful panoramic scene, which was named the hill. It reaches 2000 m2 in size, interlaced by paths and spaces that are tiled coupled with green and rosy gardens, embracing in its center a mural of crystal. The crystal wall was engraved with words, a special tribute to the resistance martyrs, symbolizing martyrdom and sacrifice.
The praying place on the other hand holds in general an architectonic feature in the form of a traditional mosque coupled with two interlacing squares of oblique walls that form an octagonal star. It also homes an equally divided hall that can occupy 250 servants of God, of both men and women with two separate entrances.
The exhibition building rests to the south west of the field, the structure of which opens towards the field through a columnar glassy corner in the form of slopping partitioned spaces that harmonize with the walls. It holds two gates, one for entry and another for exit. It also holds concrete closets of military feature, sinking tightly within glassy spaces, whereas its simple and vitreous show windows exhibit samples of the spoils of war that were gained from the enemy on battlefields, where the resistance fought against the Israeli occupation. The gallery hall homes in the center and in front of the entrance a hall in the ground, half-circled concrete with several levels, surrounded by vitreous abutment, where huge spoils of war are exhibited directly on the floor or dangling from the ceiling. The concrete area between the closets and the hall holds a set of glassy closets with different sizes, exhibiting medium and small sized spoils of war in addition to another set of drawings and information that define the enemy army. At the ceiling, illumination is distributed through a meshed system of circles and squares made of aluminum, bronze in color. Its simplicity completes the scenic picture that depends entirely on the shapes of the spoils of war and their colors without being overwhelmed by any decorations.
In general:
- The architectural and tourist ideas and visions took 9 years.
- More than 50 engineers of different specialties participated in building Mleeta landmark.
- Almost 90 outsourcers of different architectural fields took part in executing the project.
- Forty kinds of building experts participated in different structures.
- Execution took two years of incessant hard work.
- The project took 150000 working hours.
Geographic Location                                                                back to top

Mleeta Site is located in A'mel Mountain in South Lebanon, some 1050 meters above sea level, surrounded by the villages of Habboush, Jarjou’, Mleekh, Al-Luwaiza, Jbaa’, and Ain Buswar. Mleeta is also surrounded by mountainous terrains nestling the remains of kings and Prophets of the past. From its elevation, the site overlooks the villages of the Iqlim Al-Tuffah district, Sujud hilltop and part of the shoreline of the Mediterranean Sea.

Mleeta is a naturally beautiful rugged mountainous terrain covered by oak and birch trees and characterized by its rock cavities and natural caves. The mountain spreads over 600 000m2, and excavations have revealed ancient tombs, broken pottery and ancient lanterns.

Mleeta site is 82 km from Beirut, the capitol, 37 km from the city of Saida, and roughly 90 km from the Lebanese-Syrian ‘al Masnaa’ border point, and 188 km from the borders with occupied Palestine.

Mleeta site can be reached using the following routes:

From Beirut:

BeirutàSaidaàZahraniàZiftaàHabboushàArabsalimàJarjouàMleeta 9th optimal route for busses and vehicles)

Or BeirutàSaidaàHaret SaidaàKfarhattaàKfarmilkiàKfarfilaàJbaa’àAin BouswaaràMleeta

From Syria through Masnaa Crossing Point:

MasnaaàShtouraàQib EliasàSughbinàMashgharaàAin el TiniàMaydounàKfarhounaàJizzineàBkasineàJbaaàAin BuswaaràMleeta


Summary                                                                                     back to top

A Historical Abstract
Ancient history records that the word Mleeta is of Syriac origin. It means filled up, a place where water overflows. Perhaps the hill was given this name due to the fact that water flows over the rocks and along the soil during spring and summer. Hence, the area seems to be filled up with water.
Mleeta name was also given to several regions in the countries of Sham (currently Syria, Lebanon and Palestine), especially near Gaza, south Palestine. Remarkably, any area named after Mleeta is a watery area.
Modern history states that Mleeta, as a land and place, has a tale whose chapters began in 1982 until the year of 2006. It is a part of a general story, the story of the resistance throughout history and the very time. In other words, Mleeta is one of the heroes of the story and the resistance, a march towards freedom and a combat against the Israeli enemy, as it is the surrounding and embracing area of the resistance. The tale of Mleeta identifies with the general story so that both can produce in the end one integral and harmonized tale that expresses an example of the war of wills that ever existed between the Islamic resistance and the Israeli enemy through human events and meanings that truly took place in Mleeta.
In 1982, the Israeli enemy army occupied Mleeta during its invasion of Lebanon as well as occupied Beirut capitol to withdraw from it in 1985. The enemy’s first retreat was the fruit of resistance operations to withdraw behind what was renowned later as the buffer zone, where the enemy entrenched itself in several military outposts, stretching from Hasbaya east to Naqoura west.
In late 1985, the first group of the resistance resorted to Mleeta as a centralized shelter and stronghold, facing enemy outposts in Sujud and Be’r Kallab. Mleeta was also a bridge for the Mujahideen to execute military operations against enemy soldiers in the highlands of Nabatiye, Iklim al Tuffah and West Biqaa.
In early 1986 until 2000, Mleeta became a strategic military outpost for the resistance and throughout the period of the occupation the enemy tried repeatedly to occupy and burn it down, but it failed. The enemy’s persistence was due the fact that the fall of Mleeta into the hands of its soldiers would mean the fall of the resistance back lines in the villages of Loueize, Ein Bouswar, Jebaa and others. The gravest issue was the besieging of Safi Mountain, the largest and main stronghold of the resistance at that epoch. Therefore, to prevent the penetration of Mleeta, the Islamic resistance Mujahideen came from all parts of the region with the surrounding neighborhoods, aided by some residents, in order to transform Mleeta into a strong fort and a hot line of defense. They succeeded through the unity of the will and faith with the elements of nature such as trees, rocks, soil and caves.
Throughout the years of conflict, the enemy was never able to cross Mleeta. Instead, Mleeta became a special Jihadi academy with special spirituality that recruited thousands of resistance fighters. It also became a bridge for the Mujahideen to execute military operations inside the occupied zone. Hence, Mleeta played a defensive role with another offensive at the same time.
In a few words, Mleeta is a story of a fort that was built by a special kind of people. It was paved with non material stones, which were extracted from the mine of patience, free will and absolute faith in Allah the exalted. It was raised by the pillars of the martyrs, the wounded and good people to become a story, which the land reads to the heavens (the land speaks to the heavens).

General Informatio                                                           back to top
1. Mleeta site opens daily from 10 am to 9 pm
2. Touring the site generally takes between 60 to 120 minutes
3. The site contains panels explaining all scenes and listing all divisions in Arabic and English
4. The Site is run by a specialized team that will insure the safety and comfort of visitors
5. The site has a group of tour guides proficient in English, French, Spanish, Persian, German, and Arabic. Their services are free-of-charge.
Notes for Visitors:
1. Visitors are kindly requested to be appropriately dressed for the site. A hat and sunscreen are advised during summer.
2. Smoking is prohibited, especially in the bushy areas.
3. Strollers are not allowed in the bushy areas due to the rugged terrain.
4. Cleanliness is a must; therefore, rubbish must be discarded adequately.
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